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Accueil du site > Semiconducteurs, Matériaux et Capteurs > Equipe : Physique de l’Exciton, du Photon et du Spin > Thème : Couplage fort exciton-photon > Polariton spin dynamics

Polariton spin dynamics

2 décembre 2010

We were also interested in polaritons spin dynamics in II-VI microcavities with embedded diluted magnetic quantum wells, and III-V microcavities with embedded GaInAs quantum wells, in the framework of the european RTN network CLERMONT2 (2002-2007). This work has been done in collaboration with LPN and SP2M/CEA for microcavities growth, and with LASMEA and A. Kavokin for modelling. It gave rise to the PhD thesis of Adalberto Brunetti in May 2007, and to an invited paper at the PLMCN7 Conference in Havana. The most promising results are the following. First a tiny splitting of the polariton branches at k=0 into two linearly polarized modes has been evidenced. This comes from a symmetry breaking of the ideal microcavity, the origin of which is still not well understood. Second, in the non-linear regim a different transmission in linear and circular polarisations appears, which we call mixed dichoïsm. Such effect is forbiden in linear optics, but allowed in non-linear optics. We found that the mixed dichroïsm is mainly a consequence of spin-dependent polariton-polariton interactions, which opens up a new way to determining the corresponding interaction constants.

Linear transmission of a microcavity containing a GaInAs quantum well probed by a 20µW femtosecond pulse versus position, hence exciton-photon detuning (left). Mixed dichroïsm in non-linear regim (1mW) normalized to the total transmitted intensity (right). The femtosecond pulse spectrum is given on the right of each image. - © L2C

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